United States Tax Requirements for non-Citizen Resellers on Amazon

Guest Post

By Ines Zemelman. Founder of Taxes for Expats

One of the many ways in which the world is smaller thanks to technology is the ease with which a non-US seller can sell products in the United States. Amazon.com is among the easiest of ways to do this. Like almost every business venture, there are tax consequences to consider. The impact on a seller’s taxes depends on a few things, including whether the seller is a business or an individual, and on whether there is a tax treaty agreed between the seller’s country of residence and the United States.

Initial Considerations 

There is a significant difference in United States tax impacts depending on how a non-resident alien sells their merchandise. Is the sale made:

  • via a non-United States company?
  • via a United States LLC that is registered in the merchant’s name?
  • by an individual non-resident alien (NRA)?

It is also important to determine if the seller’s country of residence has an agreed tax treaty in place between them and the United States.

We can examine the United States tax implications for each possible scenario.

The Merchant’s Country of Residence Has an Agreed Tax Treaty

For sellers living in one of the countries with an agreed tax treaty, there are three scenarios:

Non-resident alien selling as an individual

  1. Request an Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN)
  2. Use form W8-BEN to claim treaty benefits. Although Amazon’s fees are still applicable, this form enables the exemption from tax withholding on sales proceeds. This form is submitted directly to Amazon.
  3. Amazon will send a form 1099K for the tax year if the merchant’s sales exceed 200 transactions and USD 20,000.
  4. The seller must file a form 1040NR, but the tax treaty should exempt the sales income from tax. There is a specific schedule that must be filed with the 1040NR tax return to claim this exemption. This schedule is often done incorrectly, even by professionals who aren’t familiar with the details of tax treaties. Using a specialist tax preparer like Taxes for Expats is recommended.
  5. If the threshold for issuing a 1099K was not met and it was not issued by Amazon, then form 1040NR does not need to be submitted.

Selling Through a United States LLC Registered In the Seller’s Name

  1. Request an Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN) for the seller
  2. Request an Employer Identification Number (EIN) for their LLC
  3. Submit form W-9 on behalf of the LLC. This provides the Employer Identification Number to Amazon. They will not apply withholding.
  4. United States reporting requirements for non-resident alien owners of United States LLCs are complex. A professional like Taxes for Expats can help prepare the necessary forms.
  5. The United States LLC is classified as a “disregarded entity,” which qualifies for treaty benefits identical to those for individuals.
  6. The LLC files form 1040NR. This schedule is often done incorrectly, even by professionals who aren’t familiar with the details of tax treaties. Using a specialist tax preparer like Taxes for Expats is recommended.

Selling Through a non-United States Corporation With a Tax Treaty

  1. The corporation requests an Employer Identification Number (EIN).
  2. Use form W8-BEN-E to claim the treaty benefits. Although Amazon’s fees are still applicable, this form enables the exemption from withholding on sales proceeds. This form is submitted directly to Amazon.
  3. At the end of the tax year, submit form 1120-F to the IRS. Assuming the tax treaty allows for the exemption, no United States tax will be due. Again, many tax preparers are not familiar with these forms – so using a specialist tax preparer like Taxes for Expats is recommended.

Why a United States Tax Return With No Tax Due?

Many taxpayers will wonder why they must file a United States tax return if there is no withholding and no tax due because of the treaty exemptions.

Although there is no tax obligation and no withholding to claim a refund against, the income is still reported to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) by Amazon. Without the filed return and the appropriate forms to claim the exemption, the IRS will not know the income is exempt and will consider it taxable. They will send the seller a bill for the tax to the address on file at Amazon.

The Merchant’s Country of Residence Does Not Have an Agreed Tax Treaty

For sellers who live in one of the countries without an agreed tax treaty, the scenarios and procedures are virtually identical to those described above. The obvious difference being that the exemptions allowed by the tax treaty will not be available. Because these exemptions do not apply, 30% tax withholding will be taken by Amazon from the merchant’s sales. But not to worry, usually a portion of this can be refunded when the seller submits their annual tax return to the IRS.

Why a United States Tax Return if Tax Was Withheld?

If tax was withheld by Amazon, why does the seller need to file a US tax return? United States tax law is complicated, and the tax owed is almost always different than the amount withheld. Fortunately, it is usually lower than the amount withheld due to deductions for selling expenses.

To summarize:

  • Amazon withholds 30% of sales, but does not adjust for expenses like their seller fees, cost of goods sold (COGS), credit card fees, etc.
  • By filing a United States tax return, the seller calculates and presents to the IRS the actual tax they owe, which is based on net income as opposed to gross income.
  • The 30% withholding rate is a drastically simplified number that ensures sufficient tax is withheld.
  • United States tax rates are incremental, beginning with 10% and increasing to 30%, which is the maximum for non-resident aliens. Submitting a United States tax return allows the excess withholding to be refunded.

Professional Tax Preparation

Tax law is complicated, especially when dealing with international treaties. Engaging the services of a professional who specializes in international tax law is almost always the right choice.

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Intimate Partner Violence Plagued Military Couples Even Before Quarantine

MFAN Survey Finds Military Families Overwhelmingly Aware of Domestic Violence in their Neighborhoods & Social Circles  

WASHINGTON — Quarantining at home through the stressors of COVID-19 has amplified issues in already problematic relationships, leading to a surge in domestic violence reporting nationwide. However, even before the pandemic, 81% of military community respondents to MFAN’s 2019 Military Family Support Programming Survey said they were aware of intimate partner violence in their neighborhoods and social circles.  

“It’s really common. We’ve had multiple cases of domestic violence just in our neighborhood this year,” said the spouse of an Air Force active duty member. 

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as …abuse or aggression that occurs in a close relationship. According to the CDC, intimate partner refers to both current and former spouses and dating partners and includes four types of behavior: physical violence; sexual violence; stalking; and psychological aggression. 

This is the first year MFAN’s support programming survey, presented by Cerner Government Services, has explored the issue, after recognizing a need for more information from military families. 

“For years now, we have heard anecdotes from our Advisors and others in the community about Intimate Partner Violence,” said MFAN’s Executive Director Shannon Razsadin. “We felt it was critical that we collect data on this issue, so that leaders and policy makers will be able to make decisions that honor and protect the health and safety of everyone in the community.”  

Respondents reported that intimate partner violence is overlooked and hidden in the military community. MFAN’s data also showed that those who sought assistance were more likely to: 

  • Range in rank from E4 to E6, if they were active duty family members 
  • Carry more debt 
  • Be concerned with their own or a family member’s alcohol use 
  • Rate as more lonely on the UCLA Loneliness scale 
  • Have considered suicide in the past two years 

“Reporting the abuse jeopardizes the service member’s career, therefore jeopardizing the woman and her family’s livelihood. A difficult choice to make: report abuse knowing your husband will lose his job or suffer to keep food on the table? There is no easy solution. That is awful,” said the spouse of a Navy active duty service member. 

MFAN recommends that policy makers look for ways to increase communication with military and veteran families about available online and virtual resources; encourage connections with others, especially virtually, as isolation is a tactic of abusers; and reduce barriers for military spouses to seek financial or health care benefits if they or their children are experiencing abuse.  

“I’m not by any means a violent person, but I have wanted to strike both of my wives after I came back from tours because I was so angry at the world,” a National Guard and Reserve member said. “I never did, but it was really disturbing how much I wanted to. That’s what made me start counseling.”  

More information about MFAN’s survey methods and demographics can be found here: https://militaryfamilyadvisorynetwork.org/survey-methods/  

In light of the pandemic and the upcoming National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) mark-up, MFAN expedited the release of the survey findings. Data related to food insecurity; finances and emergency savings; loneliness and community; and mental health and telehealth have already been released.  Data on the stressors associated with military moves will be available June 17. The entire survey will be released during an online event on June 23, featuring expert panel discussions and video narratives from military family members who are personally impacted by each issue.  

Cerner Government Services, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Cerner Corporation, sponsored the 2019 Survey, which provides the most rigorous, comprehensive understanding of the needs of military and veteran families in areas that are further impacted by the pandemic, such as financial readiness, mental health, food insecurity, moving and housing, utilization of telehealth options, and intimate partner violence. 


About MFAN: The Military Family Advisory Network is the authentic voice of the modern military family and the bridge that connects military families to the resources, people and information they depend on to successfully navigate all phases of military life. To learn more about MFAN, visit www.militaryfamilyadvisorynetwork.org. 

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Military Families Struggled to Access Mental Health Care- Even Before the Pandemic

MFAN Survey Finds that Military Families are Interested in Receiving Care Through Telehealth 

WASHINGTON — In newly released data, only half of the military and veteran family members who responded to MFAN’s 2019 Military Family Support Programming Survey, presented by Cerner Government Services, said they could easily access mental health care and their biggest obstacle was not having enough appointments available.

With the COVID-19 virus impacting how behavioral health care providers can see patients and deliver services, anecdotes about military and veteran family members having even less access to providers and appointments are surfacing, especially overseas. Fortunately, more than one-third of active duty family survey respondents said they would be likely or very likely to use telehealth options if such options were available.

“This is my first time to be stationed abroad, and getting referrals to access mental health care was difficult enough and took many months and excessive red tape, even as someone in the Exceptional Family Member Program,” said Emily Gerson, a military spouse currently living in England. “But during the pandemic, I was no longer able to see my regular civilian mental health providers since they were only offering appointments via telemedicine and were told Tricare wouldn’t reimburse them. People on base didn’t have any answers other than they were aware of the issue for overseas dependents and were working on it. I had to spend weeks advocating for myself and looking for answers and solutions, which was incredibly disheartening and stressful during a global crisis — a time when people need access to mental health care more than ever.”

 Changes due to the pandemic, including the delay in military moves, forced isolation, and unemployment rates skyrocketing, are sources of added stress for military families. Telehealth offers a viable, and necessary, option for mental health treatment during this global pandemic and beyond, and MFAN’s survey responses show that military families are open to receiving care through unconventional methods.

“In light of the global pandemic and Mental Health Month, MFAN opted to expedite the release of these findings,” said MFAN’s Executive Director Shannon Razsadin. “Our survey, which was fielded before COVID-19, found that military families experienced difficulty scheduling mental health care appointments. That’s something we never want to hear,  and we are concerned about the additional barriers caused by COVID-19. We look forward to an expanded dialogue on how we can reduce red tape for military families globally so that everyone has access to the mental health support they want and need.”

More information about the survey methods and demographics can be found here: https://militaryfamilyadvisorynetwork.org/military-family-support-programmingsurvey

The entire survey will be released at an event on July 17, 2020, featuring expert panel discussions and video narratives from military family members around the country who are personally impacted by each issue.

Cerner Government Services, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cerner Corporation, sponsored the 2019 survey data which provides the most rigorous, comprehensive understanding of the needs of military and veteran families in areas that are further impacted by the pandemic, such as financial readiness, mental health, food insecurity, moving and housing, utilization of telehealth options, and intimate partner violence.


About MFAN: The Military Family Advisory Network is the authentic voice of the modern military family and the bridge that connects military families to the resources, people, and information they depend on to successfully navigate all phases of military life. To learn more about MFAN, visit www.militaryfamilyadvisorynetwork.org.

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Military Support Town Hall Meeting

Friday, March 27

White House Update, Featuring Special Guest:
Jenny Korn
Deputy Assistant to the President
Deputy Director for the White House Office of Public Liaison

Part 1: Early Childhood Education

Supporting Early Child Care and Education During the COVID-19 Crisis

3:00 – 4:00 PM ET

Patty Barron
Director, Family Readiness
Association of the U.S. Army

Sabrina Huda
Project Director
Sesame Workshop

Carolyn Stevens
Director, Office of Military Family Policy
Department of Defense

Julia Yeary, ACSW, LCSW, IMH-E
Director of Military Family Projects

Part 2: Child Care

Barbara Thompson
Former, Director Office of Military Family Readiness Policy

Lynette Fraga, Ph.D.
Executive Director
Child Care Aware of America

Ray Girn
Chief Executive Officer
Higher Ground Education

Carolyn Stevens
Director, Office of Military Family Policy
Department of Defense

Charlie Williams
Chief Operating Officer and Chief Programs Officer
Armed Services YMCA

Tuesday, March 31 

Supporting Defense-Impacted Businesses and the Defense Supply Chain During the COVID-19 Crisis

3:00 – 4:00 PM ET

Stay Tuned for Registration & Speaker Announcements! 

These are free events, but registration is required. Capacity is limited, however, so prompt registration is recommended. 

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Traumatic Brain Injury: A Military Crisis

Guest Post

BIAM infographic


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) represents a massive underserved personal and economic burden in the United States, with an estimated $80 billion in lifetime costs alone. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), from 2006-2014, the number of TBI-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations and deaths increased by 53% to 2.87 million, of which more than 837,000 events were among children.

TBI disproportionately affects vulnerable populations, particularly military service personnel, at an alarming rate. According toDefense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, from 2000-2019, more than 413,858 service members have been diagnosed with TBI with more than 15,000 cases of mixed severities in 2019 on its own. Recent news reports indicated more than 100 U.S. soldiers are suffering brain trauma after Iran’s missile strike on Al Asad Air Base in Western Iraq.

TBI Impact

TBI is often caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head that disrupts normal function of the brain. According to the CDC, injuries related to blasts, objects hitting head and falls commonly occur to those in the military.

Severity of TBI can be mild and temporary, or severe and life-altering, presenting patients with many complications and comorbidities. Those affected often suffer from a cascade of life-altering health conditions, including movement and sensation, anxiety/depression, epilepsy, sleep deprivation, personality changes, alcohol or opioid abuse and memory loss. Among veterans with positive TBI screens in VA facilities, 80% indicate comorbid psychiatric diagnoses.

Healthcare System Difficult to Navigate

Upon diagnosis, individuals with TBI transition through many stages, from acute patient in the hospital, to long-term care in medical intervention and rehabilitation. Long-term care can range from weeks up to 20+ years of ongoing symptom management. During this time, individuals living with TBI require a wide array of medicine, including high use of anticonvulsants, opioids and muscle relaxants to antidepressants, antipsychotics and sleep medications.

To better address this staggering public health issue, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) must create a National TBI Registry to assist with prevention, surveillance, and to help develop a standardized level of care for individuals living with TBI. The current tracking system, which is decentralized and relies on states and regions to construct their own registries, is inadequate and leaves millions without resources to manage their TBI comorbidities.

Nationwide Centralized Registry Needed

A centralized comprehensive registry would collect data on individuals with TBI in the U.S. and include pertinent information like how they obtained a TBI, how they were treated, outcomes and long-term effects. This type of information would facilitate more – and better – prevention development, surveillance/tracking, and development of clinical trials for new innovative approaches to advance treatment options. It also would serve as a resource for individuals with brain injury and caregivers to better navigate the healthcare system for support. Ultimately, the goal is to find a cure, but in the meantime, there is progress to be made.

There is currently an experimental stem cell therapy in clinical trials that aims to treat paralysis, uncontrolled movements and other motor deficits that often accompany TBI. It is exactly this kind of research that should be accessible to everyone affected by motor deficits after brain injury.

I’m pleased to share that there was a Brain Injury Task Force Congressional Hearing on Capitol Hill this March, where Reps. Bill Pascrell Jr. (D-N.J.) and Don Bacon (R-Neb.) showed their support for one centralized TBI Registry. This proves the leaps and bounds we’re already making in the TBI space to improve care and ultimately save individuals with TBI from overspending on treatment options for their comorbid condition. TBIs are an epidemic amongst our service members and veterans, which deserve first-in-class care and treatment options – yet our current processes and infrastructure are falling short by a long shot when it comes to TBI knowledge and resource-sharing nationwide.

Written By: Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner, PhD, CBIST, FACRM; National TBI RegistryCoalition (or President Elect, American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine)ISMMS headshot

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Military Spouse Employment

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Military spouses have obstacles to employment but they are not insurmountable. It is definitely harder to get hired as a military spouse, after all, if it’s a choice between a candidate who is tied to the area, vs. a candidate who might only be in the area for two to three years, the decision seems clear. Actually, though, it’s not. Technically employers may not ask if a person is a military spouse, and in my opinion, being vague is in order in these situations. “Yes, I am new to the area.” “We are here for the foreseeable future.” “We moved here because we like the area.” Or, if the employer clearly knows you are a military spouse, you can honestly state that you are hoping to stay as long as possible.

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In an interview, make it clear that, in addition to your work experience, your role as a military spouse has trained you with valuable skills. We adapt well to change, and are used to project management, budgeting and logistical planning. We are highly committed to the task at hand and know how to compartmentalize; and we are so glad the employer took a chance on us, that we put all of our efforts into working hard for the company. Tell the employer that because of your drive, passion and experience, you’ll give more to the company in whatever time you do have there than other, longer term, employees would.

There are definitely some career paths that are more conducive to military life than others. I know a lot of nurses, speech therapists, teachers (I’m a teacher), and freelance artists of all sorts- writers (me), graphic designers, etc., and consultants who work from home. Plus, many people have home businesses. There are plenty of online university programs to get various certifications, and there is scholarship money, through MYCAA, (The Military Spouse Career Advancement Accounts Program is a career development and employment assistance program sponsored by the Department of Defense’s (DoD) Spouse Education and Career Opportunities (SECO) program) for instance. Some people find jobs they are happy with on military bases, where the people hiring know how the lifestyle works and are especially open to hiring spouses. For more sources on education and employment, visit Military One Source.


If you have a college degree of any kind, you can substitute teach at any level, and it’s a really great flexible job. I’ve done it in four different countries!


Since military spouses, because of the nature of the military, have no choice but to take second chair to their Soldier, Sailor, Airman or Marine, it’s best to focus on something that brings you joy and try to find a career/hobby/job that fits into it.

I taught when my husband and I were first married, but once we had kids, I stayed home. I wanted to be a Stay At Home Mom. Besides, his job is so unpredictable, and deployments long and frequent, I could never have counted on him to help in a pinch. At first, I got frustrated by his odd hours and having to take odd phone calls in the office in the middle of the night, etc., and I’d speak my mind, after all, I felt I knew how to run things better, until one day, he got tired of me trying to tell him how the military could run better. He said, “I have my job and you have yours.” At first I was really angry, but then I decided that he was right. At that point in our lives, it was my chosen job to take care of the kids, which is no easy feat in any situation, but especially in military life (we have moved 12 times, and been through years of deployments). I made it my mission to be the best mom possible and raise really great kids, and I think I’m pretty good at my job.

Find what makes you happy, and make it happen.


Our family, in 2011, after a long deployment.


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Hardships and Benefits to Being Posted Overseas

Military personnel are posted either CONUS or OCONUS. This means within the Continental United States or Outside of the Continental United States. We have thousands of personnel stationed OCONUS, both on and off military bases. Horatio has been in the Navy for 27+ years and we’ve spent 17 of those living OCONUS, including Hawaii, Scotland, China and Taiwan. There are pros and cons to all situations and living OCONUS is no exception.


Here’s what you need to know:

Living OCONUS can be great.


  1. Travel opportunities. If you live in Hawaii, you can explore all Oahu and the other Islands have to offer using the discount given to residence. Yes, Hawaii life is expensive, but if you take advantage of the Commissary and Exchange for shopping, you can save money for adventures on and off of Oahu. If you are stationed out of the United States, you can travel to nearby countries and gain world knowledge to which you (and your kids) would not otherwise have access. While stationed abroad, we’ve visited: England, France, Germany, Holland, Vietnam, Cambodia, Japan, Vietnam, all over China, and more. We’d never have been able to do this if we stayed in the US.
  2. Friends. You meet people outside your normal circle. This is something that happens by nature of military life, whether you stay CONUS or not, but by living OCONUS, the chances to meet and befriend people from all over the world are plentiful. My Facebook friends list includes people from more than 30 countries!
  3. The Food! Wow! I don’t even know where to start with this. Sure, in the US, you can get pretty much any type of international cuisine, but nothing is the same as when you experience it in the local country of origin. Living overseas might even shape your eating habits. Young Harold thinks nothing of having ramen soup for breakfast. He’ll eat stinky tofu and other “delicacies” at any time of the day.
  4. Free (sort of) Travel. Depending on where you are based, if it’s a hardship posting, like China, the government will pay for one or two R&R trips home during the duration of your stay abroad.
  5. Cultural Exposure. If you have kids, you can show them a world they’d never see back home. By living in China, our kids have seen a culture that is very different from our own. They have absorbed the culture and think of some of it as their own now, but have also come to deplore the way the country runs. They appreciate America much more than if they’d never left.

Living OCONUS can also be a challenge.


  1. Internet. Depending on where you are stationed, you might have internet obstacles, big or small. Even if you live in a friendly, English speaking country, access to some websites will be restricted. Most of all, streaming sites, which restrict subscribers by region. In order to watch a Netflix show from abroad, you must use a service that tells the site that you are are in America, when in fact you are not. I will not mention the type of service for fear that the keepers of the Great Firewall of China will crack down even further on it. In China, we also have to use these services to use Google products, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat, etc. and sometimes the services themselves are blocked, so we are stuck without these privileges.
  2. Travel. Getting home is difficult. Travel to see family, whether for pleasure, a break from a hardship post, or for a family emergency, is limited, tedious, logistically challenging and often expensive. When we lived in Taiwan, the trip home took nearly a full day. We’d have to fly from Taipei to the West Coast for 15+ hours and, after clearing customs and immigration and enduring a long layover, another 5ish hours to our family’s home. It’s a tiny bit less to fly home from China. Long travel days are hard on most people, but think of doing it with a newborn, or a toddler, or both, or several kids, without your spouse. Military spouses do it all the time. Travel days are no joke, but we do them because at the end of them, we get to be back in our home country, America, and with loved ones whom we haven’t seen in a long time.
  3. Shopping. Food and clothing and other products that we have grown accustomed to in the US are scarce and expensive overseas. Thankfully, as government employees, we have access to shipping through DPO, APO, FPO or diplomatic pouch. These are all government postal services that allow us to ship things to our overseas postings using US mail rates. Our expat friends do not share this luxury. I feel very lucky to be able to order from Amazon, Target, Walmart and others. I just have to wait 2 weeks or more to get my packages. I admit to having an unhealthy relationship with Amazon Prime. I’ve raised plenty of money for my favorite charity, Gateway to Hope, through the AmazonSmile program. It’s easy, you sign up with your favorite charity, shop through smile.amazon (dot) com and money goes straight to the organization. I’ve given $72.36 as of December 03, 2019, just by buying things I’d needed (or wanted)! Through this program, all charities have received $156,109,909.51 as of November 2019! Amazon is not paying for this plug. Also, I encourage you to shop through Rakuten (formerly ebates). I’ve gotten over $1500 back from them since I joined many many years ago. (They aren’t paying me for this post either.) My point is, if you are posted overseas, you’ll probably do a lot of online shopping, especially if you don’t have access to a Post Exchange or commissary, which we don’t. So, you might as well do something good for a charity and for yourself while you’re at it!
  4. Cultural Differences. As I said above, cultural diversity is a great thing to discover. However, some cultural differences are better left undiscovered, but are unavoidable. I’ll mention squatty potties, for one. I won’t go into great detail here, but you can read about it in these posts that I wrote more than 10 years ago. Traffic, sanitary habits, smoking in public, to name a few, are unpleasant when they are not what you are used to experiencing. Cultural differences can make adjustment to a posting overseas difficult, but it is worth the effort. The Pros definitely outweigh the cons.

I’ll leave it there, 5 pros, 4 cons. There are more of each, but I encourage you to discover them for yourself. I wouldn’t trade our time overseas for anything. We’ve had invaluable experiences and our children, all four, are better citizens of the world having lived life as third culture kids; but that’s a whole other post.


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Lawlor, White & Murphey Announces $2,000 Scholarship for Children of Veterans and Active Duty Service Members

The Award Includes Additional $1,000 Donation to the Vietnam Veterans of America


To coincide with Veterans Day, nationally regarded Florida-based personal injury law firm Lawlor, White & Murphey, is pleased to announce an annual scholarship for both current and aspiring college students with a parent or family member that has served their country.

The scholarship will provide students with $2,000 to go toward the costs of tuition or any other related expenses at a college or university of their choice, anywhere in the United States. An additional $1,000 will be donated to the Vietnam Veterans of America, whose mission is to “promote and support the full range of issues important to Vietnam veterans, to create a new identity for this generation of veterans, and to change public perception of Vietnam veterans.”

The cause is near and dear to all partners within the firm, especially Benjamin Murphey, who served in the United States Army Infantry where he earned, among other things, his airborne wings and had the honor of serving as a sentinel at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

In order to be awarded this scholarship, you must be a current undergraduate or graduate student with a 2.0 GPA and a parent or guardian that is a Veteran or currently a member serving in the United States Military.

The deadline for all applications is midnight, December 31st, 2019. The winner of the award will be announced on the firm’s Facebook page on or around January 15th, 2020.

 To find out how to qualify, apply, or to learn more, please visit https://www.lwmpersonalinjurylawyers.com/scholarship/.

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TRICARE Pharmacy Copayments to Increase Starting Jan. 1, 2020

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On Jan. 1, some copayments for your prescription drugs will increase. If you get your prescriptions through the TRICARE Pharmacy Home Delivery or at a retail network pharmacy, you’ll pay anywhere from $2 to $7 more starting Jan. 1. Congress made this change in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal YearClick to closeOctober 1 – September 30 2018.

There’s still no cost to fill your prescriptions at military pharmacies. And these cost changes don’t apply to active duty service members (ADSMs). If you’re an ADSM, you still pay nothing for your covered drugs at military and network pharmacies.

“Military pharmacies remain to be your lowest cost option,” said U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Melissa Pammer with the Pharmacy Operations Division at the Defense Health Agency. “Your next lowest cost is if you use the TRICARE Pharmacy Home Delivery.”

TRICARE Prescription Drug Categories

Your prescription copayments vary based on pharmacy type. Also, they vary based on the drug category. TRICARE groups prescription drugs into one of four categories. This grouping is based on the medical and cost effectiveness of a drug compared to other drugs of the same type.

As outlined in the TRICARE Pharmacy Program Handbook, the drug categories include:

  • Generic formulary drugs: These drugs are widely available. You have the lowest out-of-pocket costs for these drugs.
  • Brand-name formulary drugs: These drugs are generally available to you. Plus, they offer you the second lowest copaymentClick to closeA fixed dollar amount you may pay for a covered health care service or drug..
  • Non-formulary drugsClick to closeA drug in a therapeutic class that isn’t as clinically or cost-effective as other drugs in the same class. You pay a higher cost share for these drugs.: These drugs may have limited availability. You have higher copayments for these drugs. Also, there’s generally an alternative formulary drug that you can get. It’s often more cost effective, and equally or more clinically effective.
  • Non-covered drugs: TRICARE doesn’t cover these drugs. If you choose to purchase a non-covered drug, you’ll pay 100% of the drug’s cost. These drugs are either not clinically effective, or as cost effective as other drugs offered. They may also pose a significant safety risk that may outweigh any potential clinical benefit.

To learn more, you can download the TRICARE Pharmacy Program Handbook from the Publications page.


Pharmacy Copayment Increases

TRICARE Pharmacy Home Delivery

If you use home delivery, your copayments for up to a 90-day supply of generic formulary drugs will increase from $7 to $10. For brand-name formulary drugs, your copayments will increase from $24 to $29. Your copayments for non-formulary drugs when you don’t have a medical necessity will increase from $53 to $60.

TRICARE retail network pharmacies

At a retail network pharmacy, your copayments for up to a 30-day supply of generic formulary drugs will increase from $11 to $13. For brand-name formulary drugs, the increase is from $28 to $33. Non-formulary drugs will increase from $53 to $60.

Non-network pharmacies

At a non-network pharmacy, you must pay the full price of the drug. After meeting your annual deductible, you may submit a claim for partial reimbursement. Non-network pharmacy costs remain the same if you use TRICARE Prime. With TRICARE Prime, you’ll pay a 50% cost-shareClick to closeA percentage of the total cost of a covered health care service that you pay. after meeting your point-of-service deductible for covered drugs.

For all other health plans, non-network pharmacy costs are as follows:

  • Generic formulary drugs and brand-name formulary drugs will cost $33 (up from $28) or 20% of the total cost, whichever is more, after you meet your annual deductible.
  • Non-formulary drugs will cost $60 (up from $53) or 20% of the total cost, whichever is more, after you meet your annual deductible.



Copayments for survivors of ADSMs are the same as the 2017 rates. The copayments remain the same for medically retired service members and their family members, too.

For the latest TRICARE pharmacy costs, you should visit TRICARE Costs. To learn more about your pharmacy benefit, visit Pharmacy on the TRICARE website.

Shared from Tricare.mil

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Will the Military Be Cut Off From US Mail Services?

Almost a year ago, the Trump Administration declared that the United States would withdraw from the Universal Postal Union (UPU), a United Nations organization that regulates international mail delivery. The withdrawal could cause severe disruption of international mail, including military mail, to and from the United States.


The 144 year old UPU regulates global mail systems and rates. The Administration’s chief complaint is on behalf of some US companies who are frustrated by the fact that packages sent to the US from other countries, particularly China, have much lower rates than what Americans pay. In many cases, Americans pay three times what China and other countries pay to ship their mail internationally. The UPU will meet at the end of this month to consider changes to the rules and rate structures. If the issue is corrected, the Administration will remain in the Union. If not, major changes will affect military, foreign service and other governmental agency personnel stationed around the world.


Collecting DPO mail at the embassy

Yes, this means that we might not be able to ship our Amazon packages to our overseas duty stations. Our family members won’t be able to mail holiday presents to us, nor us to them, but the disruption is far more serious than what some may perceive as luxuries (I assure you, they are not) as shipment of medical supplies and medications travel through these systems to our Posts, Bases, Embassies and Consulates. Our APO, DPO, and FPO mail, which we’ve come to depend on because it allows us to use the US mail system and its rates, could see significant disruption, if not altogether stoppage. The United States government would then have to negotiate a new bilateral postal service agreement with each country to allow smooth transport of mail, and this will take time.

Military family and other government family associations are working to warn Congress of the destructive implications of the withdrawal from UPU, but it’s the Executive Branch that has the legal authority to withdraw from the Union. The Department of Defense is developing contingency plans, in case the withdrawal occurs and countries do not continue to allow for the special situation of APO, DPO, and FPO mail, to minimize any potential disruptions and continue providing support to families serving abroad.

The immediate reaction by troops and families should be to place orders now to ensure that letters and packages will reach you before the possible withdrawal in mid October. Check on your mail order prescription situation now so that you have plenty of medication on hand, should mail be disrupted.

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